The European Migrant Crisis

April, 2020

One of the main reasons for advocating international integration and, even more precisely, for the creation of supra-state governance structures is the very idea of crisis and crisis management. This chapter explores the case of the migrant crises in European and the European Union’s (EU’s) response. Starting 2015, millions of migrants and refugees crossed into Europe and EU countries have struggled to cope. Tensions and divisions emerged in the EU over how best to deal with this massive resettlement of people. Taking a look at the case, we get a better sense of the role of the states (and state-like structures) not only in solving such crises but also in fueling and maintaining them.

Government Intervention Induced Structural Crises

March, 2020

This chapter examines long-term crises which are induced by the government’s intervention in the structure of the economy when a certain set of structural changes in the economy sets into motion a series of developments that sooner or later lead to what the technical literature has called the “economy of shortage” or shortage economy. This chapter discusses the particular case of Venezuela and several examples of bottom-up responses in Venezuela, as reflected in mass media, in an attempt to get a better sense of the nature and dynamics of the bottom-up responses to structural, shortage economy crises induced by the state.